Bharathiar National Journal of Physical Education and Exercise Science (ISSN:0976-3678) e-ISSN Applied (International Peer-Reviewed Journal) https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees <p><strong>Bharathiar National Journal of Physical Education and Exercise Science (BNJPEES)</strong> is an open access quarterly <strong>International Journal. </strong>It is a double blind peer reviewed journal with ISSN – 0976-3678 which publishes original articles, commentary, editorials, review articles and case reports covering recent innovative high quality researches on sports published by the Department of Physical Education, Bharathiar University Coimbatore since June 2010.</p> en-US vikasrajkumar18@gmail.com (Dr.M.RAJKUMAR) support@iorpress.org (IOR PRESS) Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Comparative study on flexibility and balance between dancer and non-dancer boys https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/25 <p>Dance is a form of art that normally involves rhythmic movement of the body and accompanied with music. The author being a dancer in fervour and passion as well as an aspirant of the profession Physical Education strived to conduct the study bearing the title of Comparative Study on Balance and Flexibility between Dancer and Non-Dancer Boys. The researcher selected 30 boys who are regularly involved in 15 Dancer and 15 Non- dancer boys rather sedentary on the basis of purposive stratified random sampling from Bharathiar University students as the subjects of his study. He incorporated Sit and Reach test for assessment of Flexibility and Stork Stand Balance for assessment of tests Balance respectively. With respect to data analysis initially descriptive statics like mean SD and range and further paired sample T test was conducted to ascertain the degree of difference between the means with the help of SPSS soft ware. Data analysis proved significant difference between the Dancer and Non-dancer Boys both with respect to flexibility and Balance. In both the cases the Dancer boys proved to be better though the differences were not statistically significant. Thus, the author arrived at the conclusion that dance involving passion, strength, stamina, enthusiasm, rhythm, amusement and many more could be a wonderful fitness activity similar to other fitness activities like jogging, running, cycling, swimming etc..</p> Kodeeswaran N, Murugavel K Copyright (c) 2021 Kodeeswaran N, Murugavel K https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/25 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Dance and walking: towards resurgence to healthy life during Covid lockdown https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/26 <p>Health is important asset for human kind. And non-impact exercise can really advisable to promote cardiac health during the Covid-19 lockdown. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of dance and walking exercise on Resting Heartrate (RHR), VO2 max and Body Mass Index (BMI). To achieve the purpose forty-five females (mean age was 30 ± 1.3 years, BMI 26.37 ± 1.36) were purposively selected and divided in to Bharathanatyam dance group (BD. n=15), Health related walkers (HW, n=15) and Control Group (n=15) from Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Bharathanatyam (BD) dancers had been dancing 90 to 120 min per day; 3 days per week over a period of minimum 12 weeks. and health walkers were walking 40-60 min (Covers 4-5 KM) /3 time / week/over the period of 12 weeks. Data were collected on resting heart rate (RHR) using Palpating the radial artery for full one minute for each subject, VO<sub>2</sub> max by Queen’s step test [McArdle et al. (1972)] and BMI by Adolphe quetelet formula. Each test conducted on one day after another day. The collected data were subjected to statistical treatment using paired sample ‘’t’’ test to find out the training effect. In all the cases 0.05 level of confidence was fixed to test the significance, which was considered as appropriate. The result shows that Bharathanatyam Dancers and walking exercise are positively influence on RHR, VO<sub>2</sub> max and BMI. Hence it was concluded that, less impact physical activity such as bharathanatyam dance and walking are best choice to maintain safest health status during covid lockdown.</p> Sabaananth S Copyright (c) 2021 Sabaananth S https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/26 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of speed based skill training after ankle weight resistance training on selected physical and skill performance of men footballers https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/27 <p>The study was designed to know about the importance of speed based skill training after ankle weight resistance training on selected physical and skill performance of men footballers. In order to achieve the study, 40 men footballers were selected from Bharathiar university department and affiliated colleges, of Bharathiar university coimbatore, their age ranged between 18 and 25 years. The selected population were divided into two equal groups consist of 20 each. The group I (n=20) was considered as experimental group and group II (n=20) was considered as control group. The investigators did not made any attempt to equate the group. The control group was not given any treatment and the experimental group was given speed based skill training after ankle weight resistance training for three days per week, for a period of twelve weeks. Explosive power was assessed by standing broad jump test and unit of measurement was in meters and kicking ability was assessed by warner soccer test and unit of measurement was in meters. The collected data on selected physical and skill performance variables was analyzed by using‘t’ test at 0.05 level of confidence. The result of the present study explored that the explosive power and kicking ability significantly improved due to the speed based skill training after ankle weight resistance training on selected physical and skill performance of men footballers.</p> Murugavel K, Nandagopal D, Nirendan J Copyright (c) 2021 Murugavel K, Nandagopal D, Nirendan J https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/27 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Chocolate Milk: A Pre-Exercise Drink https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/24 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of chocolate milk as a pre- exercise supplements field setting in male participants. At this end of the investigation, we tested the effects of commercially-available drinks on glucose in a field-based experiment with male participants. <strong>Methods:</strong> eleven male participants have volunteered for this experiment. Measure included in this study is glucose level. Participants were requested consume chocolate milk before the start of the exercise. After 20 (twenty) minutes from the consumption of chocolate milk, the participants were instructed to do exercise for 45 (forty-five) minutes. <strong>Results:</strong> A 2 (group) × 4 (time) repeated measures ANOVA showed there was a significant interaction of glucose score between groups. At the beginning the glucose level for both groups (Test I), glucose level is increased almost 11.24% in Test II which is taken after 20 minutes from the Test I. Test III which is taken immediately after exercise 45 minutes from the glucose level is increased 5.70% when compared to no drink. Test IV is taken immediately after 20 minutes of rest the glucose level is increased 7.14% compared no drink. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This is the first study comparing the impact of Chocolate Milk as pre exercise drink on male participants in field base experiments. Chocolate Milk had a more positive effect on glucose should be considered as pre-exercise drink. Doing with more participants and longer days of experiments will give a clear evidence in futuristic research.</p> Prabhu Pandian P, Rajkumar M, Anand Jadhav, Lingaraj N Copyright (c) 2021 Prabhu Pandian P, Rajkumar M, Anand Jadhav, Lingaraj N https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/24 Thu, 14 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Be active with physical activity on Covid-19 self-quarantine days https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/46 <p>World widely peoples are self-quarantine due to the spreading of COVID-19 Virus. The peoples are inactive in their home it may be affect their body and mind such as depression, stressed, gaining body weight, reducing joints movements and health issues. The aim of this present study was to recommend activity for children and adult to stay active in their home by doing exercise, practicing yogasanas, dancing, and playing to maintain their health.</p> Sethu S, Ramakrishnan R, Karuthapandi M Copyright (c) 2021 Sethu S, Ramakrishnan R, Karuthapandi M https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/46 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of circuit training on selected physical fitness variables and skill performance among medium pace cricket bowlers in Coimbatore district https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/47 <p>The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of circuit training on selected physical fitness variables and skill performance among inter collegiate level medium pace cricket bowlers. It was hypothesized that there would be significant differences on selected physical fitness variables and skill performance due to the effect of circuit training among inter collegiate level cricket players. For the present study the 30 inter collegiate level cricket players from Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu were selected at random and their age ranged from 18 to 23 years. For the present study pre test – post test random group design which consists of control group and experimental group was used.&nbsp; The subjects were randomly assigned to two equal groups of fifteen each and named as Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’. Group ‘A’ underwent circuit training and Group ‘B’ has not undergone any training. The data was collected before and after six weeks of training. The data was analyzed by applying dependent‘t test.&nbsp; The level of significance was set at 0.05. The circuit training had positive impact on Speed, Muscular Strength, Leg Explosive Power and Bowling Accuracy among inter collegiate level medium pace cricket bowlers.</p> Mahesh P Copyright (c) 2021 Mahesh P https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/47 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Realize the effect of bear walk and frog jumps on muscular strength and flexibility of school children https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/48 <p>The aim of the study was to investigate the realize the effect of bear walk and frog jumps on selected strength parameter Muscular strength and Flexibility underwent school boys students in the age group of 13 to 16 on health related physical fitness. To attain this purpose, 30 male school students were randomly selected as subjects from C.M.S. Higher Secondary School, Srivilliputtur, Virudhunagar District studying in various classes. The age of the subjects were ranged from 13 to 16 years. The subjects were formed a two group of 15 subjects each, in which group - I underwent Bear walk training and frog jump training for three days per week for eight weeks and group - II acted as control group who were not undergo any type of training programme. The chosen criterion variables such as Muscular Strength and Flexibility were measured before and after the training period. The collected data were statistically analyzed by using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). From the obtained results the study was found that there was a significant improvement on Muscular Strength and Flexibility for bear walk and frog jump group when compared with the control group.</p> Sivanandhaprabhu C; Johnson A; Sureshbabu P, Meenakashi Sundaram K Copyright (c) 2021 Sivanandhaprabhu C; Johnson A; Sureshbabu P, Meenakashi Sundaram K https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/48 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of balance training on agility in adolescent volleyball players https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/49 <p>To study the effect of active, intensive and dynamic balance training on improving the agility of young volleyball players and comparing effectiveness of the training with gender difference. Study design was a one group pre- post-test design. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 30 young healthy volleyball players in the age group of 17 to 23 years from Agricultural College and research Institute, Thanjavur, Tamilnadu. There were 15 boys and 15 girls. Anthropometric measurements were taken and Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated for every participant. All the children underwent structured intensive balance training for 4 weeks (6 days/week). Pre and post training t-test of agility assessment was done. Paired t-test applied to see the difference in the performance pre and post training in agility. Unpaired t-test was applied to compare between the pre and post values of the male and female population. Paired t-test, pre and post values of t-test of agility showed significant difference (p&lt;0.05) and unpaired t-test was applied to compare between the pre and post values of male and female population, whereas when compared between boys and girls it did not show clinically significant difference. As per statistical analysis using paired t-test, balance training has a significant impact in improving agility of the young volleyball players. When compared within the groups using unpaired t-test, there was no statistically significant change seen in performance in both boys and girls, but clinically girls showed improvement in agility. Study shows that balance training is effective in improving agility. Clinically females performed better than males but change in performance was not statistically significant. Hence, it can be concluded that balance training is equally effective in improving agility for both genders.</p> Arivazhagan R, Vallimurugan V Copyright (c) 2021 Arivazhagan R, Vallimurugan V https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/49 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Consequence of Aerobic and Folk Dance on Respiratory Rate and Breath Holding Time Among Obese School Boys https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/50 <p>The study was to find out the consequence of aerobic and folk dance on respiratory rate and breath holding time among obese school boys. Two hundred and eighty eight boys were chosen at random basis and their age ranged between 14 and 16 years from Chennai, Tamil Nadu.&nbsp; They were screened for Body Mass Index measured (Weight (kg)/Height (m2)) on basis of BMI guidelines given by World Health Organization. After Body Mass Index analysis&nbsp; one hundred class-I obesity (30.0-34.9)&nbsp; school boys were randomly from the available 139 subjects in the category of class-I obesity selected and their age ranged between 14 and 16 years from Chennai City, Tamil Nadu, India. They were assigned into four equal groups. Each group consisted of twenty five subjects. The four groups were are namely Group I&nbsp; as Experimental Group I -(Aerobic Dance), Group II as Experimental Group II -(Folk Dance), Group III as Experimental Group III&nbsp; (Aerobic and Folk Dance combination), and Group IV as Control group. In this study respiratory rate and breath holding time were selected as variables. The selected variables were tested through stop watch (John, 1987) in beats per minute and stop watch and nose clip (Fox &amp; Mathews) in seconds. Pre and post test was conducted before and after the twelve weeks, weekly five days- per day 60 minutes of experimental training. The collected data were statistically analyzed Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Scheffe’s post hoc test. In all cases 0.05 level of significance was fixed to test the hypotheses.&nbsp; The result of the study shows that there was significant improvement on respiratory rate and breath holding time consequence by the three experimental groups namely the aerobic dance, folk dance and its combination of dance (aerobic and folk) training group among obese boys.</p> Sridharan A Copyright (c) 2021 Sridharan A https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/50 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of suryanamaskar practice and resistance training programme on selected physical health and mental health components among college level men handball players https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/51 <p>The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of suryanamaskar practice with resistance training programme on selected physical health and mental health components on college level men handball players. To achieve the purpose of the study, sixty men handball players were selected randomly from affiliated college for Bharathiar University, Coimbatore. The subjects aged from 20 to 25 years. The selected subjects were divided into two equal groups namely experimental and control groups of 30 subjects each. The training period was limited to twelve weeks and for six days per week. The suryanamaskar practice with resistance training programme was selected as independent variables and flexibility, body composition, resting pulse rate, stress and anxiety were selected as dependent variables and it was measured by sit and reach, skin fold caliber, resting pulse rate, questionnaire and questionnaire. All the subjects were tested two days before and immediately after the experimental period on the selected dependent variables. The obtained data from the experimental group and control group before and after the experimental period were statistically analyzed with dependent ‘t’-test to find out significant improvements.The level of significance was fixed at 0.05 level confidence for all the cases. Significant improvement was found on flexibility, body composition, resting pulse rate, stress and anxiety of experimental group due to the effect of suryanamaskar practice with resistance training programme when compared to the control group.</p> Anbalagan P, Mahasuran A, Atheeskumar P Copyright (c) 2021 Anbalagan P, Mahasuran A, Atheeskumar P https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://budpejournal.com/index.php/bnjpees/article/view/51 Thu, 04 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000